Stefanoudis et al. 2018

technical book |

Deep Reef Benthos of Bermuda: Field Identification Guide

Stefanoudis PV, Smith SR, Schneider C, Wagner D, Goodbody-Gringley G, Xavier J, Rivers M, Woodall LC, Rogers AD


Bermuda is an isolated group of subtropical islands located in the Sargasso Sea, western central Atlantic. The Bermuda platform lies on top of the eroded stump of an ancient volcano, the largest of four volcanoes which run in a line trending north east and which include the Plantagenet and Challenger Banks and Bowditch Seamount. Despite its temperate latitude, Bermuda has a subtropical climate and sea surface temperatures, and thus distinctive biological communities reside here. Bermuda is home to the northernmost reef systems in the Atlantic, which makes studying their communities particularly interesting and important in understanding how the region functions. In fact, Bermuda has been a centre for shallow water research for over a century due to the central lagoon and surrounding coral reefs of the islands. More recently exploration of deeper waters has started to reveal the uniqueness of the islands’ marine ecosystems. However, knowledge of mesophotic (30‒150 m) and deeper, rariphotic (~150‒300 m) habitats remain poorly known.

Meta-data (pending validation)
Depth range
15- 305 m

Mesophotic “mentions”

 Full text not (yet) indexed.

* Presents original data
* Focused on 'mesophotic' depth range
* Focused on 'mesophotic coral ecosystem'


Overall benthic (groups)


Manned Submersible
Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV)

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