People

Tyler Smith


Tyler Smith

Center for Marine and Environmental Studies
University of the Virgin Islands  (Virgin Islands, U.S.)



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Research interests

Dr. Tyler Smith is a Research Assistant Professor in the Center for Marine and Environmental Studies. His goals are to provide research that will inform traditional ecological fields of study and conservation, while transferring knowledge to the next generation of marine scientists and managers through dialogue and hands-on experience. SmithÕ¢ŠÎ†¢s approach towards research is to lead and participate in highly collaborative interdisciplinary research teams to tackle central questions in marine ecology. He feels that research collaboration is essential to maximizing the information potential of research endeavors. Smith integrates cutting-edge techniques and technologies, such as closed circuit rebreather diving and genetic analyses, with observational and manipulative experiments. Smith divides his time between regional and international research programs and teaching within the Masters of Marine and Environmental Science Program at UVI (course: Physical and Ecological Processes Along a Land-Sea Gradient). Smith is also team leader of the Evolutionary & Ecological Patterns & Processes research thrust of the NSF funded Virgin Islands-Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research.SmithÕ¢ŠÎ†¢s research focuses on numerous aspects of coral reef ecology, including landscape/seascape processes, organism interactions, and climate change. Specific research interests include algal-herbivore interactions, the ecology and conservation value of deep mesophotic reefs, trophic interactions at fish spawning aggregations, and processes that control the long-term dynamics of coral reef systems, such as coral bleaching, disease, and other factors that increase susceptibility to mortality. Smith is currently the coordinator of the US Virgin Islands Territorial Coral Reef Monitoring Program. This program conducts annual surveys at over 33 monitoring sites in the US Virgin Islands, with intensive assessment of fishes, benthic organisms, and coral health, including threatened Caribbean Acroporid corals. The TCRMP also tracks trends in factors affecting coral reefs, such as oceanographic conditions (e.g., temperature and currents) and anthropogenic stressors (e.g., terrestrial run-off and fishing), using an array of high-technology devices owned and operated by CMES (conductivity/temperature/depth profilers, Acoustic Wave and Current meters, moored fluorometers). Information provided by the TCRMP is vital to wise management of valuable coastal ecosystems. Other funded projects include research into the processes influencing patterns of deep mesophotic reef development, the shifting diversity of Symbiodinium with coral bleaching, and the ecological factors affecting the incidence of Ciguatera Fish Poisoning. Smith has conducted research in the US Virgin Islands, PanamÕóë, GalÕóëpagos, and Florida.

Publications

  Please note that only publications relevant to mesophotic reefs are indexed.

10.1007   s00338 009 0544 2 Landscape video mosaic from a mesophotic coral reef | article
Gleason ACR, Gracias N, Lirman D, Gintert BE, Smith TB, Dick MC, Reid RP (2010)
Coral Reefs 29:253
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10.1007   s00338 009 0575 8 Benthic structure and cryptic mortality in a Caribbean mesophotic coral reef bank system, the Hind Bank Marine Conservation District, US Virgin Isl... | article
Smith TB, Blondeau J, Nemeth RS, Pittman SJ, Calnan JM, Kadison E, Gass J (2010)
Coral Reefs 29:289-308
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10.1016   j.geomorph.2014.03.005 Mesophotic bioerosion: Variability and structural impact on US Virgin Island deep reefs | article
Weinstein DK, Smith TB, Klaus JS (2014)
Geomorphology 222:14-24
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10.1016   j.marpolbul.2008.08.015 Assessing coral reef health across onshore to offshore stress gradients in the US Virgin Islands | article
Smith TB, Nemeth RS, Blondeau J, Calnan JM, Kadison E, Herzlieb S (2008)
Mar Pollut Bull 56:1983-1991
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10.15517   rbt.v56i0.5589 Coral disease prevalence and host susceptibility on mid-depth and deep reefs in the United States Virgin Islands | article
Calnan JM, Smith TB, Nemeth RS, Kadison E, Blondeau J (2008)
Rev Biol Trop 56:223-234
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10.1038   srep12407 Fertile fathoms: Deep reproductive refugia for threatened shallow corals | article
Holstein DM, Smith TB, Gyory J, Paris CB (2015)
Sci Rep 5:12407
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10.1371   journal.pone.0128697 Spectral Diversity and Regulation of Coral Fluorescence in a Mesophotic Reef Habitat in the Red Sea | article
Eyal G, Wiedenmann J, Grinblat M, D'Angelo C, Kramarsky-Winter E, Treibitz T, Ben-Zvi O, Shaked Y, Smith TB, Harii S, Denis V, Noyes T, Tamir R, Loya Y (2015)
PLoS ONE 10:e0128697
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10.1111   gcb.13175 Caribbean mesophotic coral ecosystems are unlikely climate change refugia | article
Smith TB, Gyory J, Brandt ME, Miller WJ, Jossart J, Nemeth RS (2015)
Global Change Biol
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10.1016   j.sedgeo.2015.07.003 Habitat heterogeneity reflected in mesophotic reef sediments | article
Weinstein DK, Klaus JS, Smith TB (2015)
Sediment Geol 329:177-187
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10.1007   s00338 015 1339 2 Modeling vertical coral connectivity and mesophotic refugia | article
Holstein DM, Paris CB, Vaz AC, Smith TB (2015)
Coral Reefs
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10.1111   mec.12861 Geographic differences in vertical connectivity in the Caribbean coral Montastraea cavernosa despite high levels of horizontal connectivity at shal... | article
Serrano X, Baums IB, O'Reilly K, Smith TB, Jones TL, Shearer TL, Nunes FLD, Baker AC (2014)
Mol Ecol 23:4226-4240
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10.1890   13 0468.1 A depth refugium from catastrophic coral bleaching prevents regional extinction | article
Smith TB, Glynn PW, Maté JL, Toth LT, Gyory J (2014)
Ecology 95:1663-1673
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10.1371   journal.pone.0146068 Depth-independent reproduction in the reef coral Porites astreoides from shallow to mesophotic zones | article
Holstein DM, Smith TB, Paris CB (2016)
PLoS ONE 11:e0146068
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10.1038   srep21619 Long distance dispersal and vertical gene flow in the Caribbean brooding coral Porites astreoides | article
Serrano XM, Baums IB, Smith TB, Jones RJ, Shearer TL, Baker AC (2016)
Sci Rep 6:21619
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10.1371   journal.pone.0151953 Seasonal Variability in Calorimetric Energy Content of Two Caribbean Mesophotic Corals | article
Brandtneris VW, Brandt ME, Glynn PW, Gyory J, Smith TB (2016)
PLoS ONE 11:e0151953
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10.3389   fmars.2016.00115 Potential Structuring Forces on a Shelf Edge Upper Mesophotic Coral Ecosystem in the US Virgin Islands | article
Smith TB, Brandtneris VW, Canals M, Brandt ME, Martens J, Brewer RS, Kadison E, Kammann M, Keller J, Holstein DM (2016)
Front Mar Sci 0:0
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M559p045 Coral growth, bioerosion, and secondary accretion of living orbicellid corals from mesophotic reefs in the US Virgin Islands | article
Weinstein DK, Sharifi A, Klaus JS, Smith TB, Giri SJ, Helmle KP (2016)
Mar Ecol Prog Ser 559:45-63
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10.7717 peerj.3532 Fungi associated with mesophotic macroalgae from the ‘Au‘au Channel, west Maui are differentiated by host and overlap terrestrial communities | article
Wainwright BJ, Zahn GL, Spalding HL, Sherwood AR, Smith CM, Amend AS (2017)
PeerJ
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10.1371 journal.pone.0180063 Abundance of commercially important reef fish indicates different levels of over-exploitation across shelves of the U.S. Virgin Islands | article
Kadison E, Brandt M, Nemeth R, Martens J, Blondeau J, Smith T (2017)
PLoS ONE
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Smith et al 2016 global change biology Caribbean mesophotic coral ecosystems are unlikely climate change refugia | article
Smith TB, Gyory J, Brandt ME, Miller WJ, Jossart J, Nemeth RS (2016)
Global Change Biol 22:2756–2765
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Research keywords
Research summary (from publications)
Fields
7  Ecology
7  Connectivity
4  Molecular ecology
4  Community structure
4  Long-term monitoring

Focusgroups
15  Scleractinia (Hard Corals)
6  Overall benthic (groups)
2  Fishes
2  Algae (Macro, Turf and Crustose Coralline)
2  Other invertebrates

Locations
16  US Virgin Islands
2  Bermuda
2  USA - Pulley Ridge
1  USA - Hawaii
1  Israel - Red Sea

Platforms
6  Diving (unspecified)
6  Diving - Technical Open-Circuit
4  Diving - Technical Rebreather
3  Diving - Regular Open-Circuit
2  Aquarium-based

Co-authors
6  Nemeth
4  Holstein
3  Calnan
3  Weinstein
2  Baker